The infertile mare: solutions
There is nothing more adorable than a newborn foal - though it may take some searching before you get to that point. Infertility is a frustrating and complex problem, one with quite a few possible causes. Luckily, there are a number of things you can do to give your mare (and her future foal) a helping hand.
This is how you treat an infertile mare
1. Treat underlying problems
2. Create an optimal environment
3. Adjust your mare’s diet — prior to, during and post gestation
The correct diet is crucial to mares in foal
There are also a number of natural vitamins and ingredients that will have a positive impact on your mare’s fertility.
- A vitamin E deficiency will affect your mare’s fertility and lead to malformation of the foal (white muscle disease) or abortion. So, make sure to give your horse plenty of natural vitamin E — during lactation included because this nutrient produces antibodies in the milk, thereby boosting the foal’s immunity (1, 2).
- Broccoli is rich in indol-3-carbinol, which has a positive impact on the hormone system and the health of the endometrium (3, 4).
- Folic acid, vitamin B12, choline and betaine have a positive effect on your mare’s fertility and on the development of her foal. The same goes for cysteine, a building block for the powerful antioxidant glutathione (5-8).
- Linseed balances your horse’s hormones and has a positive effect on fertility, in mares and stallions alike (9).
- Peugnet P, et al. Management of the pregnant mare and long-term consequences on the offspring. Theriogenology. 2016;86(1):99-109.
- Bondo T, Jensen SK. Administration of RRR-α-tocopherol to pregnant mares stimulates maternal IgG and IgM production in colostrum and enhances vitamin E and IgM status in foals. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 2011;95(2):214-222.
- Fowke JH, et al. Brassica Vegetable Consumption Shifts Estrogen Metabolism in Healthy Postmenopausal Women. Vol 9.; 2000.
- Valente Pereira FM, et al. Influence of temperature and ontogeny on the levels of glucosinolates in broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) sprouts and their effect on the induction of mammalian phase 2 enzymes. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50(21):6239-6244.
- Waterland RA, et al. Methyl donor supplementation prevents transgenerational amplification of obesity. Int J Obes. 2008;32(9):1373-1379.
- Swegen A, et al. From Peptide Masses to Pregnancy Maintenance: A Comprehensive Proteomic Analysis of The Early Equine Embryo Secretome, Blastocoel Fluid, and Capsule. Proteomics. 2017;17(17-18):1-13.
- Ebisch IMW, et al. Homocysteine, glutathione and related thiols affect fertility parameters in the (sub)fertile couple. Hum Reprod. 2006;21(7):1725-1733.
- Sinclair KD, et al. DNA methylation, insulin resistance, and blood pressure in offspring determined by maternal periconceptional B vitamin and methionine status. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104(49):19351-19356.
- Samavat H, Kurzer M. Estrogen Metabolism and Breast Cancer Hamed. Cancer Lett. 2015;28(356):231-243.